Phobias and addictions through conditioning
Phobias and addictions are two emotional difficulties which learning theorists can account for be sure to include the following: explore how phobias can be developed through classical conditioning. How phobia can be learned through classical conditioning fear is a behavior that can be learned via classical conditioning when a neutral stimulus, something that does not cause fear, is associated with an unconditioned stimulus, something that causes fear the process then leads to the response of fear towards the previously neutral stimulus. Phobias and addictions lisa draxler psy/300-general psychology july 12, 2010 carlton bowden abstract the purpose of this paper is to explore how phobias can be developed through classical conditioning, explore how addictions can be developed through operant conditioning, to distinguish between classical and operant conditioning, and to explain what extinction means and how it is achieved in. Field and nightingale (2009), consider classical conditioning to form a useful basis for understanding phobias, but point out modern conditioning theory has developed to include interactions with cognition and is the basis for many other panic and anxiety disorders.
Classical conditioning has always had huge applications for therapy, especially the treatment of “irrational” or “instinctive” problems like phobias and addictions aversion therapy works by associating a dysfunctional behaviour (like drinking) with a ucr (like vomiting) to produce a new cs. Phobias and addictions as related to classical and operant conditioning introduction people can become conditioned to respond to various stimuli in positive and negative ways, including phobias and addictions. After conditioning: after the events of an operant conditioning story, a behavior either has an increased or decreased rate of occurrence often there is a big increase or decrease specifically.
According to the classical conditioning theory, phobias are result of a neutral stimulus (eg object, situation or event) becoming paired with an unconditioned stimulus (ie something that produces reflex response) and which will eventually produce a conditioned response (eg jumping, screaming, anxiety) on its own. A study published today in the journal science describes a simple behavioural procedure that reduces heroin addicts' cravings and could also prevent them from relapsing after they've kicked the habit. To understand the relationship between phobias and classical conditioning and addictions and operant conditioning, the author will explore how phobias can be developed through classical conditioning, how addictions can be developed through operant conditioning, distinction between classical and operant conditioning, and how extinction is. Phobias and addictions in the united states each year, comer (2005) proclaims 9 percent of the population displays the symptoms of a specific phobia, “an irrational fear of a specific object or situation” (kowalski & westen, 2009, p 161.
Phobias are formed when a person makes an association between a stimulus and a predetermined outcome exposure to the stimulus can evoke feelings of fear and dread as the person worries that they are in danger this is known as classical conditioning. Classical conditioning (also pavlovian conditioning or respondent conditioning) is a kind of learning that occurs when a conditioned stimulus (cs) is paired with an unconditioned stimulus (us) usually, the cs is a neutral stimulus (eg, the sound of a tuning fork), the us is biologically potent (eg, the taste of food) and the unconditioned. Two concepts are known worldwide to also have negative impacts on a person’s emotional and physical state, phobias and addictions feeling uncomfortable, or feeling fear about something, may mean you may bear a phobia. Phobias and addictions no matter the type of drug or substance that is at the core of abuse, addiction is developed through operant conditioning the brain is learning that with the decreased use in items such as cocaine, tobacco, and alcohol, an unpleasant feeling is the result, urging the continued use of the substance to prevent the.
Phobias and addictions through conditioning
Phobias and addictions are two emotional difficulties which learning theorists can account for answer the following in at least 200 words explore how phobias can be developed through classical conditioning explore how. Of fear conditioning, (b) more overall resistance to ext, (c) more aqc of simple fear article in press 1394 s lissek et al / behaviour research and therapy 43 (2005) 1391–1424. Learning our phobias and addictions posted on april 14, 2014 by makaylaheisler all of us have something we are afraid of, a vice we turn to when experiencing distress or unpleasant situations, but we hardly ever question these behaviors. Explore how addictions can be developed through operant conditioning a 750- to 1,050-word paper in which you discuss phobias and addictions as related to classical and operant conditioning phobias and addictions are two emotional difficulties which learning theorists can account for.
Conditioning models of fear acquisition, a single childhood fear development is through vicarious learning learned fear may occur by observing the needle phobia studying fear acquisition at an earlier age, particularly in childhood and adolescence, would provide a better understanding. Some researchers believe that phobias can be developed through classical conditioning and addictions can be developed by operant conditioning just as phobias and addictions can be caused by these methods, extinction can help reverse them. Phobia and classical conditioning phobias can be developed through classical conditioning by associating a neutral stimulus with something that results to pain (powell et al, 2009, p182) phobia responses can be enduring, unless the person experiences an extinction process.
Psy/300 general psychology erika rich “phobia’s and addiction’s relating to classical and operant conditioning” june 7, 2010 corey vigdor phobia’s with classical conditioning a phobia can be developed in classical conditioning when you produce a fear tactic with it. Systematic desensitization is a type of behavioral therapy based on the principle of classical conditioningit was developed by wolpe during the 1950s this therapy aims to remove the fear response of a phobia, and substitute a relaxation response to the conditional stimulus gradually using counter conditioning. Classical conditioning in plain terms is a method by which an organism determines why and the cause of a condition, while also what brought it about, and whereas, ‘operant conditioning is a method ofilearning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behaviour’ (psychologyaboutcom.